1. Diplomacy Ad Portas
Why Ad Portas? Ad Portas because this module will constitute an introduction to the concept of diplomacy as seen by this Summer School. As already advertised in its description, this School is ever more ambitious and during this summer it will try to present a bold vision on Diplomacy. Maybe less bold than Hannibal’s vision on the world, but still bold enough to be sometimes rejected by those concentrating on “professional diplomacy” (see, again, the description of this Summer School). This module will provide the basic concepts for understanding the modules of other lectures.
2. Diplomacy for an Interconnected World
Do you feel close to people living outside the country of your residence? If you do, that is because the technology brought us closer than ever, not only in terms of distances, but also in terms of the resources we use to keep close. A web made of Facebook friends, double-deck aircrafts, Twitter followers and container ships connects most of us. This is where diplomacy has an important role to play. The lectures in this module will show, on one hand, how diplomacy is used to create this interconnected world and, on the other hand, perhaps more relevantly for the participants in the Summer School, how the actors in this world perform elaborate diplomatic actions, sometimes without them even knowing it.
3. Diplomacy for a Better World
As we get ever closer, the state of the “other” becomes a concern for us. Do we want to live in a world where people die of hunger and children are fighting in wars? Do we want to live in a world without whales or tigers? The protection of human rights and the protection of the environment have become major topics of this century and the lectures of this module will explore how diplomacy tries to address these issues of alterity.
4. Diplomacy and the Economy
The end of the 20th century has marked the victory of capitalism. How is capitalism going to fare during the 21st century and, more importantly, how does diplomacy react to challenges of increased economic interactions? The module will try to catch a glimpse of the too numerous perspectives, from energy security (mainly a state concern) to the interest of multinational corporations (ever more active in the energy sector). Economy has become so important, that no foreign affairs ministry affords to exist without an economic diplomacy department. Its counterpart on the corporation side is the governmental relations department. So, how do they interact?
5. Diplomacy in a World of Crises
We are living in a world where the post-Cold War scars have yet to heal. The very same world is challenged regularly by threats of terrorism, humanitarian crises and even pandemics. The fact that we are globally interconnected can very well work both in our advantage and disadvantage and thus, there is a growing need for an altered practice of the traditional diplomacy. The same rules no longer apply entirely and it is the scope of this module to shed some light into how new age diplomats should handle the hurdles of the 21st century.
6. East. Always … into the East
Borrowing the quote from one of the characters of a well known computer game, this module will look at how diplomacy responds to the challenges and opportunities which rise in the East. The East, which the module will identify as covering a vast territory stretching from the eastern borders of the European Union to the Pacific Ocean, is set to define the 21st century and how diplomacy has already found new ways of connecting with this new East. These lectures will present some of the major interests and tools used in dealing with these new issues.